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Imperforate Anus (absence of anus), occurs mostly in
calves. Sometimes the opening is closed with skin. Some
times the anus itself is perfect, but near the external
orifice there is a membranous partition. Sometimes the
large intestine may terminate in a ‘ ‘ cul-de-sac ' (having
one end open only). In the first and second cases, open
with crucial incisions. In the third, try to reach the
blind end and open it. Then sew the edges of the opened
end to the edges of the cutaneous incision.
Distention of the Rectum with hard pellets of me-
conium (fetal excrements) is sometimes so serious as to
necessitate their removal by the oiled finger.
Piles may be removed sometimes by ligature or other
wise. Soft food and an occasional laxative to counteract
Prolapsus Ani differs from rupture in that the pro
trusion is through the natural anal opening and consists
chiefly of mucous membrane. It results from violent
straining, labor pains, or obstruction to the flow of urine.
The protruded rectum may become strangulated, take on
a bright red hue, and subsequently, owing to effusion,
become very much enlarged ; then cold and of a purple
Remove the cause of the straining, wash the bowel with
cold water, and return the part carefully by pressure. If
252 THE DISEASES OF CATTLE.
the protruded part is purple, amputate it and stitch the
edges. Soft food. Opium if necessary.
Volvulus (twist of an intestine) sometimes follows colic.
Open abdomen on the right side and operate on the in
testine, if slaughter is not desirable.
Intussusception (entrance of one bowel within an
other) also follows colic. Rare. Operate as above.
Rupture (hernia) is about the same in the ox as in
the horse. In serious cases fatten and slaughter. (For
description and treatment, see pages 58, 59.)
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